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Q&A: How would an Australian-style immigration system work?



An Australian-style points-based system would allow Britain to control the number of people coming into the country after Brexit but still welcome much needed professionals like nurses, according to the Conservatives.

The PA news agency asked Dr Alan Gamlen – an associate professor leading the human geography programme at Monash University in Melbourne, Australia, and researcher at the University of Oxford’s Centre on Migration, Policy and Society – how such a system could work.

– What is the Australian points-based system?

Australia has what is known as a general skilled migration programme, where immigrants applying for a visa are typically selected based on “economically relevant characteristics” like education, language skills and work experience.

An applicant’s education affects how many points they earn (Chris Radburn/PA)

This does not apply for refugees and asylum seekers and there are other visas available with different requirements, like travel or holiday visas.

– How does it work?

The exact way points are allocated changes depending on policy and the labour market but typically an applicant picks a “skilled occupation” from a list and needs to score a minimum number of points.

The visa application is submitted online after a series of checks and requires personal, financial and contact details, identity documents, as well as education, employment, health and travel history.

– For example?

Young people
People aged 25-32 would earn 30 points (Ben Birchall/PA)

At present, an Australian visa for a “skilled independent migrant” needs 65 points.

Characteristics attracting the highest points include:

– Aged 25-32 years (30 points)

– A “superior” level of English (up to 20 points)

– Eight or more years of “skilled work experience” (in Australia = 20 points, overseas = 15 points)

– Formal educational qualifications (Up to 20 points for a PhD with more to gain if they had studied in Australia)

Extra points could be granted for translators, interpreters or other things like applicants whose partners meet the age, English, and occupation requirements.

– How much does it cost?

Fees vary depending on the visa but a skilled independent visa costs the equivalent of about £2,169 (4,045 Australian dollars).

Most visas are processed within 18 months and allow applicants to permanently work and study anywhere in Australia, as well as sponsor eligible relatives for permanent residence and, if eligible, eventually obtain Australian citizenship.

– What are the pros and cons?

A ward at the Royal Liverpool University Hospital
The system aims to address particulat skill and staff shortages (Peter Byrne/PA)

– Pros

The points-based system used by Australia, Canada and New Zealand all “replaced colonial-era systems that explicitly discriminated between applicants based on race and ethnicity,” Dr Gamlen said.

This system is considered fairer, more objective and by capping the number of certain visas is thought to allow a country to choose what it considers to be “the best” immigrants.

It can address particular skill and staff shortages and “prevent competition with native workers for low-skilled jobs, which could raise unemployment and fuel ethnic tension”.

– Cons

Critics complain the approach presents a “narrow view of what constitutes a valuable contribution to a society”, Dr Gamlen said.

“It is sometimes argued that criteria such as language proficiency discriminate by default.

“Even though the Government’s lists of desirable skills are kept updated, they can never perfectly match what employers actually need.

“The result of this mismatch is that skilled migrants often end up doing unskilled work, leading to ‘brain waste’ (e.g. surgeons end up driving taxis).”

– How difficult could it be to bring to UK?

International arrivals at Gatwick Airport
The UK’s current system would need a major overhaul (Gareth Fuller/PA)

It would involve “some major changes to the UK’s current migration-management systems” which Dr Gamlen said have evolved in a “much more ad hoc fashion” than some other countries.

“It would be difficult if not impossible to identify and transfer an ‘Australian model’ to the UK context and achieve comparable outcomes.”

Australia’s system involves long-term data collection, research and consultation.

The culture and attitudes to immigration in both countries may differ and could play a part in shaping how such a system would work.

The system there has developed over decades and continues to change “so cannot be simply transplanted to the UK.”

– Would it make a difference? 

Introducing such a system “would likely involve trial and error over a significant period of time for the UK immigration system to develop into something more like the Australian system”, Dr Gamlen said.

“A points-based immigration system may help the UK to address many of the immigration issues it is experiencing, by learning from the experiences of countries like Australia, Canada and New Zealand.

“But it will not solve all of the UK’s migration management issues, nor will it be a simple plug-and-play procedure.”


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Susan Choi and Sarah M. Broom Score Top Honors at the National Book Awards




Top honors for the 2019 National Book Awards went to women. Susan Choi took home the fiction award and Sarah M. Broom the nonfiction award. The Los Angeles Times reported on the ceremony, held last night in New York.

Choi was recognized for her fifth novel, “Trust Exercise.” Set in the ’80s, the story centers on a group of friends at a performing arts high school. Choi’s other books include “A Person of Interest” and “American Woman,” the latter of which was a finalist for the 2004 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction.

Fiction finalists included Kali Fajardo-Anstine’s “Sabrina & Corina: Stories,” a collection of stories centered on Latinas of indigenous ancestry, Laila Lalami’s “The Other Americans,” a murder mystery about a Moroccan immigrant, and Julia Phillips’ “Disappearing Earth,” which takes place in the aftermath of two young sisters disappearing on the shoreline of the Kamchatka peninsula of Russia.

Broom was celebrated for her debut memoir, “The Yellow House.” In it, she revisits 100 years of her family’s history, and explores their relationship to their house in New Orleans.

Tressie McMillan Cottom’s “Thick: And Other Essays,” an exploration of beauty, media, and money, and Carolyn Forché’s “What You Have Heard Is True: A Memoir of Witness and Resistance,” which sees its author’s life forever changed when a mysterious stranger appears on her doorstep, were among the nonfiction finalists.


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How Anifa Mvuemba Is Cultivating The Intersection Of Fashion And Versatility




As a contemporary women’s wear designer who creates statement, curve inclusive apparel for women, Anifa Mvuemba, who was previously known as a customs and alterations seamstress, has gained a great deal of recognition as the founder and lead designer of Hanifa. Since the launch of the brand in 2012, Anifa has designed collections featuring an array of styles, colors, and textures that cater to a woman’s body.

Her desire is to glorify God with her fashions and her creativity. Thorough and chic, Anifa Mvuemba is a Congolese, DMV raised visionary who is as thoughtful as her designs.

I got a chance to chat with Anifa as we discussed money management, the power of taking the road less traveled and scaling and expansion.

On making yourself marketable: Social media is such a powerful tool. If you’re a business today and you’re selling a product and you don’t have an Instagram – it’s almost like suicide to your business. In terms of marketing – it’s really important to understand your business, your product and understand how you want the world to perceive it. The biggest thing for me is my photos. Before a customer even gets to feel the fabric or try on the garment online they see the images first. Every time I put an image out into the world, I want someone to feel like “I have to have this.” I spend a lot of time on my imagery.

Using your resources:  The year that I started Hanifa I received a really nice tax return. I was 21 at the time and I  knew that I could either go out and blow it or use it towards my business. I didn’t have the most solid financial background so I used that money as my first investment. A lot of people feel like to start a business you need to have $100,000 – you can literally just start with what you have. Also, there’s so much information out there – I like to refer to myself as The Google Queen – you can find anything on the internet.

On effective money management: Without some type of understanding of your financials – you’ll be in a constant cycle of making money and then losing money. I went through that. I had to get real with myself and start to understand what was happening with my money. I got an accountant and financial advisor and began to take small steps towards learning my financials. Once you dive deeper and start to learn more about how money works it’s really not a scary thing. You can sit in meetings with investors and breakdown your finances with ease.

On taking the road less traveled: The most important thing is to always have a vision. Also, always remember why you started and remain as authentic and genuine as possible. If that stays consistent then that’s what’s going to bring the clients, funding, or whatever you’re seeking in your business.

What does the next 5 years look like for Hanifa? We opened our first brick and mortar in January of this year. We’re working on transitioning out of Baltimore and into D.C. Also, working on a manufacturing company where I help emerging designers (like myself) find the resources they need to thrive in this industry.

For more information, please visit:


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WINTER CAPSULE WARDROBE: Winter Wardrobe Minimal Outfit Ideas with Everlane [AD] | Mademoiselle




AUTUMN/WINTER CAPSULE WARDROBE: Winter Wardrobe Essentials with Everlane [AD] | Today I’ve partnered up with Everlane to share an Autumn/Winter Capsule Wardrobe (as well as a peek at my maternity style). I’m sharing six key winter basics from Everlane, and showing how I pair them in over 20 outfits. Everything featured is linked below! x

Everlane are offering free shipping for Thanksgiving! Starting Weds 20 November at 9pm PT ending on November 21st at 9pm PT, you can get free 2 day shipping on all U.S. orders and free express shipping on orders $100 or more.




Everlane re-cashmere stroopwafel mock neck sweater in ‘heathered sand’ (size S) –
Everlane alpaca sweater in ‘almond’ (size S) –
Everlane black mock neck top (size XS) –
Everlane boucle sweater in ‘blue lagoon’ (size S) –
Everlane cashmere ribbed mockneck in ‘heathered chai’ (size S) // COMING SOON
Everlane white cotton shirt (size US4) –
Lilysilk black silk blouse (size M) –

Glassons black/white polka dot dress (size NZ10) // old – OR
Country Road black ribbed midi dress (size XS) –

Realisation Par leopard skirt (size S) –
RP leopard skirt affordable dupe –
Jeanswest bf jeans [maternity] (size AU8) // sold out
Jeanswest skinny jeans [maternity] (size AU8) –
ASOS black maternity pencil skirt (size UK8) –
Staple the Label black midi skirt (size S/AU10) // old –

Babaton black blazer (size XS) –
Everlane re-wool coat in ‘charcoal’ (size US2) –

Everlane black editor boots (size US9.5) –
Isabel Marant black suede heels (size FR41) // old – OR
Sam Edelman loafers (US9) – OR
Vaneli two tone pumps (US9) –
Stuart Weitzman OTK boots (US9) –
Veja esplar sneakers (size EU40) – OR

Parisa Wang enchanted bag –
Everlane day tote mini –
Polene black numero uno bag –
JW Anderson logo bag – OR
Everlane black wool/cashmere scarf –
Isabel Marant belt (size S) –

WEARINGEverlane alpaca sweater –
Realisation Par leopard skirt –
RP leopard skirt affordable dupe –
Ania Haie earrings –
Ania Haie bracelet –

Thank you so much for taking the time to watch this video. I hope you enjoyed it! Please note that some of the links used are affiliate links, which means if you choose to make a purchase, I may receive a small commission. Thanks for your support! 🙂


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